Enhanced mitochondrial sensitivity to creatine in rats bred for high aerobic capacity

  • Walsh B
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Qualitative and quantitative measures of mitochondrial function were performed in rats selectively bred 15 generations for intrinsic aerobic high running capacity (HCR; n = 8) or low running capacity (LCR; n=8). As estimated from a speed-ramped treadmill exercise test to exhaustion (15 degrees slope; initial velocity of 10 m/min, increased 1 m/min every 2 min), HCR rats ran 10 times further (2,375+/-80 m) compared with LCR rats (238+/-12 m). Fiber bundles were obtained from the soleus and chemically permeabilized. Respiration was measured 1) in the absence of ADP, 2) in the presence of a submaximally stimulating concentration of ADP (0.1 mM ADP, with and without 20 mM creatine), and 3) in the presence of a maximally stimulating concentration of ADP (2 mM). Although non-ADP-stimulated and maximally ADP-stimulated rates of respiration were 13% higher in HCR compared with LCR, the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Despite a similar rate of respiration in the presence of 0.1 mM ADP, HCR rats demonstrated a higher rate of respiration in the presence of 0.1 mM ADP+20 mM creatine (HCR 33% higher vs. LCR, P

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  • B. Walsh

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