Environmental and sustainability indicators and the concept of situational indicators. A systems approach

  • Gallopín G
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Through a systems approach indicators are shown to have the nature of variables, adopting different values or states, while other associated terms allude to special meanings assigned to specific values of the indicators. Practical implications are discussed. The concept of situational indicators of sustainability is introduced, representing a non-numericul function of both "pressures" or "driving forces" and "state" variables. A cost-effective mniti-tiered approach to situational indicators is proposed. The concept of situational indicators is shown to be a particular case of indicators of systems behavior. A general systems formulation of the problem of sustainability highlights the importance of indicators of systems behavior and the central role of models in their defini- tion.

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  • Gilberto C. Gallopín

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