Environments of Organizations

  • Aldrich H
  • Pfeffer J
  • 346

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Abstract

The environment of organizations is important because of its effects on organizational structures and decisions. Progress in the study of organizations derives from focusing on substantive problems rather than from the elaboration of conceptual schemes. Models of environmental selection are useful only as they enrich our understanding of stability and change in organizational forms, or, as Hannan & Freeman (1974:10) ask, "Why are there so many kinds of organizations?" The natural selection model answers this question by examining the nature and distribution of resources in the environment, while the resource dependence model focuses on the decisions and power and influence relationships that affect organizational actions and strategies that seek to manage the environment

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Authors

  • H E Aldrich

  • J Pfeffer

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