Enzymatic hydrolysis and production of bioethanol from common macrophytic green alga Ulva fasciata Delile

  • Trivedi N
  • Gupta V
  • Reddy C
 et al. 
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The green seaweed Ulva which proliferates fast and occurs abundantly worldwide was used as a feedstock for production of ethanol following enzymatic hydrolysis. Among the different cellulases investigated for efficient saccharification, cellulase 22119 showed the highest conversion efficiency of biomass into reducing sugars than Viscozyme L, Cellulase 22086 and 22128. Pre-heat treatment of biomass in aqueous medium at 120. °C for 1. h followed by incubation in 2% (v/v) enzyme for 36. h at 45. °C gave a maximum yield of sugar 206.82. ±. 14.96. mg/g. The fermentation of hydrolysate gave ethanol yield of 0.45. g/g reducing sugar accounting for 88.2% conversion efficiency. These values are substantially higher than those of reported so far for both agarophytes and carrageenophytes. It was also confirmed that enzyme can be used twice without compromising on the saccharification efficiency. The findings of this study reveal that Ulva can be a potential feedstock for bioethanol production. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Bioethanol
  • Cellulose
  • Fermentation
  • Macroalgae

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