Over the last ten years, child health in the Kingdom of Cambodia has been improving, but the infant mortality is still very high, with DHF one of the ten highest causes of mortality in children. The first cases of DHF were recorded in 1962 and since 1980 has become an important public health problem in the country. Large outbreaks were recorded in 1985, 1987 and 1990. Since 1980 this disease has spread from the most densely populated areas of Phnom Penh, Kandal and Prey Veng Province to all other provinces except some provinces in the northern part of the country. In June 1992, the Ministry of Health established the DHF Control Committee comprised of four subcommittees: the Epidemiology, Vector Control, Health Education and Clinical Management Subcommittees. Two examples of control activities are described in this paper: -Battambang Province in 1992 in response to a DHF epidemic already in progress. -Phnom Penh in 1993 to prevent an expected epidemic.
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