EPR, ENDOR, and TRIPLE resonance spectroscopy on the neutral flavin radical in Escherichia coli DNA photolyase

  • Kay C
  • Feicht R
  • Schulz K
 et al. 
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Abstract

Ultraviolet radiation promotes the formation of a cyclobutane ring between adjacent pyrimidine residues on the same DNA strand to form a pyrimidine dimer. Such dimers may be restored to their monomeric forms through the action of a light-absorbing enzyme named DNA photolyase. The redoxactive cofactor involved in the light-induced electron transfer reactions of DNA repair and enzyme photoactivation is a noncovalently bound FAD. In this paper, the FAD cofactor of Escherichia coli DNA photolyase was characterized as the neutral flavin semiquinone by EPR spectroscopy at 9.68 and 94.5 GHz. From the high-frequency/high-field EPR spectrum, the principal values of the axially symmetric g-matrix of FADH were extracted: Both EPR spectra show an emerging hyperfine splitting of 0.85 mT that could be assigned to the isotropic hyperfine coupling constant (hfc) of the proton at N(5). To obtain more information about the electron spin density distribution ENDOR and TRIPLE resonance spectroscopies were applied. All major proton hfc's could be measured and unambiguously assigned to molecular positions at the isoalloxazin moiety of FAD. The isotropic hfc's of the protons at C(8α) and C(6) are among the smallest values reported for protein-bound neutral flavin semiquinones so far, suggesting a highly restricted delocalization of the unpaired electron spin on the isoalloxazin moiety. Two further hfc's have been detected and assigned to the inequivalent protons at C(1'). Some conclusions about the geometrical arrangement of the ribityl side chain with respect to the isoalloxazin ring could be drawn: Assuming tetrahedral angles at C(1') the dihedral angle between the C(1')-C(2') bond and the 2p(z) orbital at N(10) has been estimated to be 170.4°± 1°.

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Authors

  • C.W.M. Kay

  • R. Feicht

  • K. Schulz

  • P. Sadewater

  • A. Sancar

  • A. Bacher

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