Falcarindiol (1) was isolated as an algicidal principle against the harmful red tide dinoflagellate, Heterocapsa circularisquama, from Notopterygii Rhizoma through bioassay-guided separation. In order to determine the ambiguous absolute structure of this active principle, all three stereoisomers as well as falcarindiol (1) were synthesized. As a result of intensive analysis of their physicochemical properties, the configuration of 1 was revealed to be 3R,8S. On the other hand, (3S,8S)- and (3S,8R)-isomers were found to exhibit more potent algicidal activity than (3R,8S)-falcarindiol (1) isolated from Notopterygii Rhizoma. In addition, the diyne moiety of 1 was established as the crucial structural requirement for algicidal potency. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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