We explore the feasibility of using pupil diameter to estimate how the cognitive load of the driver changes during a spoken dialogue task with a remote conversant. The conversants play a series of Taboo games, which do not follow a structured turn-taking nor initiative protocol. We contrast the driver's pupil diameter when the remote conversant begins speaking with the diameter right before the driver responds. Although we find a significant difference in pupil diameter for the first pair in each game, subsequent pairs show little difference. We speculate that this is due to the less structured nature of the task, where there are no set time boundaries on when the conversants work on the task. This suggests that spoken dialogue systems for in-car use might better manage the driver's cognitive load by using a more structured interaction, such as system-initiative dialogues. © 2013 ACM.
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