The purpose of the study was to distinguish risk and protective factors that predict adolescent alcohol and marijuana use across all ethnic backgrounds from those that predict use for particular ethnic groups. Analysis of data from the 2000 Florida Youth Substance Abuse Survey was conducted separately for the three major ethnic groups-Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics. The outcome measures were 30-day use of alcohol and marijuana and twenty-eight risk and protective factors were considered for inclusion into two logistic regression models as independent variables. Six variables were associated with all three ethnic groups' alcohol use, two with Whites and Blacks, one with Whites and Hispanics, four with Whites only, and one with Hispanics' use only. For marijuana, five variables were significant for all three ethnic groups, one for Whites and Blacks, one for Whites and Hispanics, and three for Whites only. These findings can be used to tailor adolescent drug preventive programs to specific groups, which should increase their impact. © 2004 by The Haworth Press, Inc. All Rights reserved.
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