European social citizenship and gender: The part-time work directive

  • Bleijenbergh I
  • De Bruijn J
  • Bussemaker J
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This article considers whether the development of European rights for workers implies a European social citizenship. It analyses the debate during the preparation and adoption of the EU Directive on part-time work in 1997, which guarantees part-time workers (who are primarily women) the same pay and working conditions as full-time workers. Was the concept of social citizenship discussed during its preparation and adoption? What kind of gender equality was involved: are women granted equal access to the European market or equal outcomes? We conclude that the Directive involves industrial rather thansocial citizenship, but ideals of social citizenship were nevertheless at stake during its preparation.

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  • Inge Bleijenbergh

  • Jeanne De Bruijn

  • Jet Bussemaker

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