Europeanization and the variable influence of the EU: National parties and party systems in Western and Eastern Europe

  • Ladrech R
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The eight post-Communist countries that joined the European Union (EU) in 2004 have become somewhat "Europeanized" in terms of their political systems in comparison with older members that joined in 1986, when the EU was seen as a club for rich countries. In 2004, the EU became more of a political system. While accession to the EU has not resulted in substantial changes in the national political models of older members, the case is entirely different for potential members from Western Balkan states. The states that made up former Yugoslavia have a different history and embrace a higher degree of "Euroskepticism" and nationalism than do the eight post-Communist members that joined in 2004. As a result, the nature of the EU is poised for yet another redefinition.

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  • Robert Ladrech

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