Eusyllinae, Exogoninae and Autolytinae (Syllidae, Annelida, Polychaeta) frorn the Chafarinas lslands (Alboran Sea, W Mediterranean).- A study on the benthic invertebrate communities of the Chafarinas lslands was carried out recently, paying special attention to some groups, including polychaetes. In this work the results of the study of subfamilies Eusyllinae, Exogoninae, and Autolytinae (Annelida, Polychaeta, Syllidae) are given, citing 48 species. One of these, Arnblyosyllis inmatura Langerhans, 1879, is recorded for first time in the Mediterranean Sea and compared with previously known Mediterranean species of the genus. Some variations from typical form are described for two Grubeosyllis Verrill, 1900 species: G. clavata (Claparede, 1863) and G. vieitezi (San Martín, 1984). Specimens of a new species of genus Pionosyllis (Eusyllinae) and other of genus Autolytus (Autolytinae) were found.
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