Evaluation of a conceptual framework for retraining high-level mobility following traumatic brain injury: two case reports.

  • Williams G
  • Schache A
  • 37


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • N/A


    Citations of this article.


Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the primary cause of death and disability for 18- to 45-year-olds. High-level mobility is important for many of the social, leisure, sporting, and employment roles of young adults. The aim of these case reports was to evaluate a conceptual framework for retraining high-level mobility after TBI. The progression of 2 patients who had sustained a severe TBI but had contrasting clinical presentations was monitored over 6 months. Patient 1 presented with left hemiplegia following a TBI 10 years earlier, whereas patient 2 presented with ataxia 2 months following a TBI. Quantitative gait analysis and clinical measures of mobility were used to evaluate outcomes of a 6-month intervention phase. Intervention strategies were based on a conceptual framework comprising 2 main elements: (1) the hierarchical ordering of high-level mobility tasks and (2) the key biomechanical features of able-bodied running. Both patients achieved the ability to run by the end of the intervention phase. Patient 1 displayed improved gait symmetry associated with improved high-level mobility, despite the long-standing duration of his injury. Patient 2 demonstrated improved postural control and stability in gait that resulted in an ability to run, skip, hop, and jump. Findings of these case reports provide evidence supporting "proof of concept" that clinical interventions can lead to improvement in high-level mobility following severe TBI.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Acceleration
  • Accidents, Traffic
  • Brain Injuries
  • Brain Injuries: diagnosis
  • Brain Injuries: rehabilitation
  • Exercise Therapy
  • Exercise Therapy: methods
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Injury Severity Score
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mobility Limitation
  • Motor Skills Disorders
  • Motor Skills Disorders: diagnosis
  • Motor Skills Disorders: rehabilitation
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Physical Therapy Modalities
  • Physical Therapy Modalities: standards
  • Postural Balance
  • Postural Balance: physiology
  • Psychomotor Performance
  • Psychomotor Performance: physiology
  • Recovery of Function
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Walking
  • Walking: physiology
  • Young Adult

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document


  • Gavin P Williams

  • Anthony G Schache

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free