Evaluation of an interrill soil erosion model using laboratory catchment data

  • Jayawardena A
  • Bhuiyan R
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Abstract

Abstract 10.1002/(SICI)1099-1085(199901)13:13.3.CO;2-K Physically based soil erosion simulation models require input parameters of soil detachment and sediment transport owing to the action and interactions of both raindrops and overland flow. A simple interrill soil water transport model is applied to a laboratory catchment to investigate the application of raindrop detachment and transport in interrill areas explicitly. A controlled laboratory rainfall simulation study with slope length simulation by flow addition was used to assess the raindrop detachment and transport of detached soil by overland flow in interrill areas. Artificial rainfall of moderate to high intensity was used to simulate intense rain storms. However, experiments were restricted to conditions where rilling and channelling did not occur and where overland flow covered most of the surface. A simple equation with a rainfall intensity term for raindrop detachment, and a simple sediment transport equation with unit discharge and a slope term were found to be applicable to the situation where clear water is added at the upper end of a small plot to simulate increased slope length. The proposed generic relationships can be used to predict raindrop detachment and the sediment transport capacity of interrill flow and can therefore contribute to the development of physically-based erosion models. Copyright © 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Interrill erosion
  • Overland flow
  • Raindrop detachment
  • Transport capacity

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Authors

  • A. W. Jayawardena

  • Rezaur Rahman Bhuiyan

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