Evaluation of microbial phytase in broiler diets

  • Dilger R
  • Onyango E
  • Sands J
 et al. 
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Abstract

Two trials were conducted to evaluate the efficacy of a new microbial phytase (Phyzyme XP) for broiler chicks. Trial 1 used 192 8-d-old male broilers in a 14-d trial to assess growth and nutrient utilization. Dietary treatments (221.9 g/kg CP) included a positive control [5.0 g/kg nonphytate P (NPP)], negative control (1.2 g/kg NPP), and negative control plus 500 or 1,000 phytase units/kg of diet. Phytase addition increased weight gain, feed intake, feed efficiency, and tibia and toe ash (linear, P < 0.01) with tibia ash also responding quadratically (P < 0.05). Apparent ileal digestibility of P (linear and quadratic, P < 0.05), tryptophan, and valine (linear, P < 0.05) also increased. Linear and quadratic responses were observed for retention of DM, nitrogen, P, and several amino acids (P < 0.05) with added phytase. Trial 2 utilized 576 1-d-old male broilers over a 42-d period to evaluate growth performance. Diets were formulated for starter (222.7 g/kg CP) and grower (201.5 g/kg CP) phases and included a positive control (starter and grower, 5.0 and 3.8 g/kg NPP, respectively); negative control (starter and grower, 2.4 and 1.8 g/kg NPP, respectively); negative control plus 500, 750, or 1,000 phytase units/kg; and negative control plus 500 phytase units/kg of Natuphos phytase. Phytase increased weight gain and feed intake (starter, grower, overall) as well as feed efficiency during the starter period (linear, P < 0.05). Feed intake was also improved during the grower period and overall (quadratic, P < 0.05). Tibia and toe ash of birds fed for the first 21 d increased (linear, P < 0.05) with tibia ash also increasing quadratically (P < 0.05). Overall, tibia and toe ash were improved due to phytase addition (linear and quadratic, P < 0.05). In conclusion, this microbial phytase, derived from Escherichia coli and expressed in Schizosaccaromyces pombe, elicited improved growth performance, bone mineralization, and P utilization in broiler chicks.

Author-supplied keywords

  • *Diet
  • 6-Phytase/*administration & dosage/genetics
  • Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
  • Animals
  • Calcification, Physiologic
  • Chickens/growth & development/*physiology
  • Digestion
  • Eating
  • Escherichia coli/*enzymology/genetics
  • Ileum/metabolism
  • Minerals/analysis
  • Phosphorus/metabolism
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Schizosaccharomyces/genetics
  • Tibia/chemistry
  • Weight Gain

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Authors

  • R N Dilger

  • E M Onyango

  • J S Sands

  • O Adeola

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