BACKGROUND: Placement of detachable coil(s) for intracranial aneurysms has become one of the standard methods of management. Although detailed analysis of post-procedure changes in aneurysmal lumen is essential, technical difficulties often limit such evaluation. Development of higher magnetic field systems is steadily widening clinical usage of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) primarily due to its significantly higher signal to noise ratio.
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated a multi-planar reconstruction (MPR) technique of magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) on a 3.0T system in an attempt to develop a routine method of post-procedure evaluation following detachable coil placement.
METHODS: Eleven patients with an intracranial aneurysm following placement of a Guglielmi detachable coil (GDC) participated in the study. Time of flight (TOF) magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) was obtained immediately after, and up to two years after coil embolisation utilising a GE 3.0T system. Data was analysed using standard maximum intensity projection (MIP) as well as the MPR technique and the results were compared to conventional catheter angiography.
RESULTS: The study demonstrated that, compared to MIP, MPR can provide further information of alteration in aneurysm lumen, especially in analysis of: 1) jet of blood flow, 2) thrombus formation, 3) neck remnant or re-filling of blood, 4) location and shape of coils including compaction, and 5) coil protrusion into the parent artery.
CONCLUSIONS: Combined MPR/MIP analysis of high-field MRA appears to be a powerful non-invasive method for evaluating GDC-treatment that can potentially replace conventional catheter angiography in many clinical situations.
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