Evidence for Chlamydiaceae and Parachlamydiaceae in a wild boar (Sus scrofa) population in Italy.

  • Di Francesco A
  • Baldelli R
  • Donati M
 et al. 
  • 12

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Abstract

Conjunctival swabs from 44 free-living wild boars culled during a demographic control programme applied in a Regional Park located in the Northern Italy were examined by 16S rRNA encoding gene nested PCR. In total, 22 (50%) wild boars were PCR positive. Sequencing of the amplicons identified Chlamydia suis and Chlamydia pecorum in 12 and 5 samples, respectively. For one sample found PCR positive, the nucleotide sequence could not be determined. Four conjunctival samples showed ≥ 92% sequence similarities to 16S rRNA sequences from Chlamydia-like organisms, as did large intestine, uterus, and vaginal swabs from the same four animals. Amoeba DNA was found in one Chlamydia-like organism positive conjunctival swab. To our knowledge, this is the first detection of members of the Parachlamydiaceae family in wild boars, confirming a large animal host range for Chlamydia-like organisms.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Animals
  • Avian influenza
  • Chlamydiaceae
  • Chlamydiaceae: isolation & purification
  • Chlamydiales
  • Chlamydiales: isolation & purification
  • Cuba
  • Female
  • H5 subtype
  • H7 subtype
  • Italy
  • LPAI
  • Male
  • Poultry
  • Surveillance system
  • Sus scrofa
  • Sus scrofa: microbiology

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Authors

  • Antonietta Di Francesco

  • Raffaella Baldelli

  • Manuela Donati

  • Claudia Cotti

  • Patrizia Bassi

  • Mauro Delogu

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