Evidence for opposing effects of calmodulin on cortical microtubules

  • Fisher D
  • Gilroy S
  • Cyr R
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Microtubule integrity within the cortical array was visualized in detergent-lysed carrot (Daucus carota L.) protoplasts that were exposed to various exogenous levels of Ca2+ and calmodulin (CaM). CaM appears to help stabilize cortical microtubules against the destabilizing action of Ca2+/CaM complexes at low Ca2+ concentrations, but not at higher Ca2+ concentrations. The hypothesis that CaM interacts with microtubules at two different sites, determined by the concentration of Ca2+, is supported by the effects of the CaM antagonists N-(6-aminohexyl)-1-naphthalene-sulfonamide and N-(6-aminohexyl)-5-chloro-1-naphthalenesulfanamide (20 [mu]M) and by affinity chromatography. Two classes of proteins were identified that interact with tubulin and bind to CaM. One class required Ca2+ for CaM binding, whereas the second class bound only when Ca2+ concentrations were low (

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  • D D Fisher

  • S Gilroy

  • R J Cyr

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