Excitatory and inhibitory postsynaptic potentials in cat hypoglossal motoneurons during swallowing

  • Tomomune N
  • Takata M
  • 4


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 29


    Citations of this article.


The postsynaptic potentials produced in cat genioglossus and styloglossus motoneurons (CG- and SG-Mns) during swallowing were studied. During swallowing elicited by placing wwater on the dorsum of the tongue, the GG-muscle discharged for 80-210 ms (mean +/- S.D. 123 +/- 31 ms, N = 59) and was abruptly suppressed, and the SG-muscle began discharging in synchrony with the GG-muscle and discharged for 200-360 ms (mean +/- S.D. 247 +/- 36 ms, N = 59). The GG- and the SG-Mns were identified if unitary muscle activity followed the induced spike of the motoneuron one-for-one. During swallowing, excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) were evoked in the SG-Mns regardless of the respiratory drive on the SG-Mns, and inhibitory postsynaptic potential (IPSP) or EPSP-IPSP was evoked on the GG-Mns regardless of the respiratory drive on the GG-Mns. By increasing the intracellular concentration of chloride ions, the IPSP elicited in the GG-Mn during swallowing was turned into a depolarizing potential. In immobilized cats, a depolarizing potential and a depolarizing-hyperpolarizing potential sequence was evoked successsively on a tongue retractor motoneuron and a tongue protruder motoneuron by repetitive electrical stimulation of the superior laryngeal nerve.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Cat
  • Extrinsic tongue muscle
  • Hypoglossal motoneuron
  • Swallowing
  • Synaptic potential

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document


  • N. Tomomune

  • M. Takata

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free