Executive functions in children aged 6 to 13: A dimensional and developmental study

  • Brocki K
  • Bohlin G
  • 257

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 306

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

Across-sectionalstudy using92childrenaged6to13yearsinvestigated the dimensionality and the development of executive functioning. The measures were drawn from developmentally relevant conceptualizations of executive functioning and included a go/no-go task, a verbal fluency task, a continuous performance task, a Stroop-like task, a hand movements task, and a digit span task. Analyses revealed 3 dimensions interpreted as Disinhibition, Speed/arousal, and Working mem- ory/Fluency. Age and sex differences were analyzed for the delineated functions, whichmeans that the resultsmay be taken to represent age effects at the level of spe- cific processes within the executive domain rather than on single tests. Age-depend- ent changes in children’s performance on all 3 dimensions were demonstrated,with 3 particularly active stages of maturation: early childhood (6–8 years of age), middle childhood (9–12 years of age), and during early adolescence. Sex differences were only found for the speed/arousal dimension. The results are discussed in terms of 2 developmental executive function frameworks (Barkley, 1997b; Roberts & Pen- nington, 1996),where inhibition and the interaction between inhibition andworking memory, respectively, are seen as key in the development of executive functioning.

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Get full text

Authors

  • Karin C. Brocki

  • Gunilla Bohlin

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free