Experimental determination of group flux control coefficients in metabolic networks

  • Simpson T
  • Shimizu H
  • Stephanopoulos G
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Grouping of reactions around key metabolite branch points can facilitate the study of metabolic control of complex metabolic networks. This top-down Metabolic Control Analysis is exemplified through the introduction of group (flux, as well as concentration) control coefficients whose magnitudes provide a measure of the relative impact of each reaction group on the overall network flux, as well as on the overall network stability, following enzymatic amplification. In this article, we demonstrate the application of previously developed theory to the determination of group flux control coefficients. Experimental data for the changes in metabolic fluxes obtained in response to the introduction of six different environmental perturbations are used to determine the group flux control coefficients for three reaction groups formed around the phosphoenolpyruvate/pyruvate branch point. The consistency of the obtained group flux control coefficient estimates is systematically analyzed to ensure that all necessary conditions are satisfied. The magnitudes of the determined control coefficients suggest that the control of lysine production flux in Corynebacterium glutamicum cells at a growth base state resides within the lysine biosynthetic pathway that begins with the PEP/PYR carboxylation anaplorotic pathway. Copyright 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Corynebacterium glutamicum
  • Flux control coefficients
  • Metabolic Control Analysis
  • Metabolic engineering
  • Top down MCA

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  • Troy W. Simpson

  • Hiroshi Shimizu

  • Gregory Stephanopoulos

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