In order to promote the desulfurization efficiency of calcium-based sorbents during coal combustion in traveling grate boilers, the influences on sulfur removal of the thermal conditions and the sorbents were discussed in this paper. It was found that the SO2concentration first rises, then declines along the traveling grate and reaches the peak near the midpoint of the grate. The fluctuation of the SO2concentration over time in the flue gas is mainly affected by the flame temperature. When the particle size of the sorbents decreases from 75 to 0.1 μm, the sulfur removal efficiency will increase slightly. A reasonable Ca/S molar ratio is about 2 when sorbents are blended with the coal on the grate and its further increase has little benefit to desulfurization. A new, so-called two-stage desulfurization process - sulfur capture firstly in the coal bed and secondly in the combustion gas - is suggested as it can greatly promote the sulfur removal efficiency up to 70∼80%. By X-ray powder diffraction analysis, some thermal stable phases were identified in the sulfur retention cinder obtained from the on-grate process. © 2001 Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.
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