Experimental and theoretical investigation of the electronic structure of Cu$_{2}$O and CuO thin films on Cu(110) using x-ray photoelectron and absorption spectroscopy.

  • Jiang P
  • Prendergast D
  • Borondics F
 et al. 
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Abstract

The electronic structure of Cu(2)O and CuO thin films grown on Cu(110) was characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). The various oxidation states, Cu(0), Cu(+), and Cu(2+), were unambiguously identified and characterized from their XPS and XAS spectra. We show that a clean and stoichiometric surface of CuO requires special environmental conditions to prevent loss of oxygen and contamination by background water. First-principles density functional theory XAS simulations of the oxygen K edge provide understanding of the core to valence transitions in Cu(+) and Cu(2+). A novel method to reference x-ray absorption energies based on the energies of isolated atoms is presented.

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  • Peng2013

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Authors

  • P. Jiang

  • D. Prendergast

  • F. Borondics

  • S. Porsgaard

  • L. Giovanetti

  • E. Pach

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