An extended theory of planned behavior intervention for older adults with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease

  • White K
  • Terry D
  • Troup C
 et al. 
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Abstract

A randomized controlled trial evaluated the effectiveness of a 4-wk extended theory of planned behavior (TPB) intervention to promote regular physical activity and healthy eating among older adults diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes or cardiovascular disease (N = 183). Participants completed TPB measures of attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, and intention, as well as planning and behavior, at preintervention and 1 wk and 6 wk postintervention for each behavior. No significant time-by-condition effects emerged for healthy eating. For physical activity, significant time-by-condition effects were found for behavior, intention, planning, perceived behavioral control, and subjective norm. In particular, compared with control participants, the intervention group showed short-term improvements in physical activity and planning, with further analyses indicating that the effect of the intervention on behavior was mediated by planning. The results indicate that TPB-based interventions including planning strategies may encourage physical activity among older people with diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Age Factors; Aging/psychology; Analysis of Varianc
  • Type 2/diet therapy/prevention & control/psycholo

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Authors

  • K M White

  • D J Terry

  • C Troup

  • L A Rempel

  • P Norman

  • K Mummery

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