Are extrasynaptic GABAA receptors important targets for sedative/hypnotic drugs?

  • Houston C
  • McGee T
  • Mackenzie G
 et al. 
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High-affinity extrasynaptic GABA(A) receptors are persistently activated by the low ambient GABA levels that are known to be present in extracellular space. The resulting tonic conductance generates a form of shunting inhibition that is capable of altering cellular and network behavior. It has been suggested that this tonic inhibition will be enhanced by neurosteroids, antiepileptics, and sedative/hypnotic drugs. However, we show that the ability of sedative/hypnotic drugs to enhance tonic inhibition in the mouse cerebellum will critically depend on ambient GABA levels. For example, we show that the intravenous anesthetic propofol enhances tonic inhibition only when ambient GABA levels are

Author-supplied keywords

  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Drug Delivery Systems
  • Drug Delivery Systems: methods
  • GABA-A
  • GABA-A: metabolism
  • HEK293 Cells
  • Humans
  • Hypnotics and Sedatives
  • Hypnotics and Sedatives: administration & dosage
  • Hypnotics and Sedatives: metabolism
  • Inbred C57BL
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Organ Culture Techniques
  • Receptors
  • Synapses
  • Synapses: drug effects
  • Synapses: metabolism
  • Transformed
  • gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
  • gamma-Aminobutyric Acid: metabolism

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  • Catriona M Houston

  • Thomas P McGee

  • Georgina Mackenzie

  • Kevin Troyano-Cuturi

  • Pablo Mateos Rodriguez

  • Elena Kutsarova

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