Angered and nonangered subjects were allowed to deliver shocks to victims who (a) looked at the aggressor, (b) averted their gaze downward, or (c) varied these behaviors in a random sequence. The random sequence conditions constituted a within-subjects design comparable to the between-subjects design represented by the other four conditions. Angered subjects in the betweensubjects design gave significantly fewer shocks to victims who consistently looked at them than to victims who averted their gaze, while eye contact had no effect on the nonangered subjects. In the within-subjects design, however, subjects gave significantly more shock to the victim when he established eye contact than when he looked away. The results were interpreted in terms of the subjects' efforts to avoid or eliminate the aversive eye contact.
Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research
Choose a citation style from the tabs below