Facilitating adaptive emotional analysis: Distinguishing distanced-analysis of depressive experiences from immersed-analysis and distraction

  • Kross E
  • Ayduk O
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Abstract

Two studies examined the psychological processes that facilitate adaptive emotional analysis. In Study 1, par- ticipants recalled a depression experience and then analyzed their feelings from either a self-immersed (immersed-analysis) or self-distanced (distanced-analysis) perspective. Participants in the distanced-analysis group focused less on recounting their experience and more on reconstruing it, which in turn led to lower levels of depressed affect. Furthermore, comparisons to a distrac- tion group indicated that distanced-analysis was as effec- tive as distraction in reducing depressed affect relative to the immersed-analysis group. Study 2 replicated these findings and showed that both 1 day and 7 days after the experimental manipulations, participants in the distanced- analysis group remained buffered against depressed affect and reported experiencing fewer recurring thoughts about their depression experience over time compared to both the immersed-analysis and distraction groups.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Autobiographical memory
  • Depression
  • Emotion regulation
  • Emotional processing
  • Psychological distance
  • Rumination

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Authors

  • Ethan Kross

  • Ozlem Ayduk

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