Facility layout optimization using simulation and genetic algorithms

  • Azadivar F
  • Wang J
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Traditionally, the objective of a facility layout problem has been to minimize the material handling cost of the manufacturing system. While it is important to reduce the amount of material handling, the traditional methods do not address the actual time at which the material is transported. In today's short cycle time production environments, the timing of material movement may have a bigger impact on the productivity of the system than its cost. In this paper, a facility layout optimization technique is presented that takes into consideration the dynamic characteristics and operational constraints of the system as a whole, and is able to solve the facility layout design problem based on a system's performance measures, such as the cycle time and productivity. Each layout solution is presented in the form of a string that is suitable for analysis by a genetic algorithm technique. These solutions are then translated into simulation models by a specially designed automated simulation model generator. Genet...

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  • Farhad Azadivar

  • John(Jian) Wang

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