Factors Underpinning Football Officiating Excellence: Perceptions of English Premier League Referees

  • Slack L
  • Maynard I
  • Butt J
 et al. 
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The purpose of the present study was to identify factors perceived to underpin football of- ficiating excellence. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to collect data from 15 En- glish Premier League referees. Through inductive content analysis, emerging themes were identified and comprised a variety of physical, environmental, and psychological factors: (a) mental toughness attributes, (b) support networks and services, (c) effective game manage- ment qualities, (d) multifaceted pre-match preparation, (e) performance-level enhancement, (f) opportunities to thrive, (g) personal characteristics, and (h) superior physical components. Findings acknowledge theoretical and applied implications for sport psychology professionals operating in elite football officiating. Research

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  • Liam A. Slack

  • Ian W. Maynard

  • Joanne Butt

  • Peter Olusoga

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