Failure analysis of low velocity impact on thin composite laminates: Experimental and numerical approaches

  • Tita V
  • de Carvalho J
  • Vandepitte D
  • 4

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Abstract

The dynamic behavior of composite laminates is very complex because there are many concurrent phenomena during composite laminate failure under impact load. Fiber breakage, delaminations, matrix cracking, plastic deformations due to contact and large displacements are some effects which should be considered when a structure made from composite material is impacted by a foreign object. Thus, an investigation of the low velocity impact on laminated composite thin disks of epoxy resin reinforced by carbon fiber is presented. The influence of stacking sequence and energy impact was investigated using load-time histories, displacement-time histories and energy-time histories as well as images from NDE. Indentation tests results were compared to dynamic results, verifying the inertia effects when thin composite laminate was impacted by foreign object with low velocity. Finite element analysis (FEA) was developed, using Hill's model and material models implemented by UMAT (User Material Subroutine) into software ABAQUS™, in order to simulate the failure mechanisms under indentation tests. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Composite laminates
  • Dynamic behavior
  • Finite element method
  • Indentation
  • Indentation tests
  • Laminated composites
  • Low velocity impact
  • NDE
  • Plastic deformation
  • Structural loads
  • carbon fiber
  • composite
  • cracking
  • delamination
  • epoxy resin
  • failure analysis
  • finite element analysis
  • image analysis
  • laminate

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Authors

  • Volnei Tita

  • J de Carvalho

  • D Vandepitte

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