Fathers and the flexibility stigma

  • Coltrane S
  • Miller E
  • Dehaan T
 et al. 
  • 86


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 56


    Citations of this article.


Women face an earnings penalty associated with motherhood but researchers have paid scant attention to how fatherhood might influence men’s long-term earnings. Using multiple waves of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth and employing ordinary least squares regression and fixed effects models we investigate what happens to men who modify their employment for family reasons. Previous research shows thatmenwork longer hours and earnmore after becoming fathers, but if men are unemployed or reduce work hours for family reasons, they could experience a “flexibility stigma” depressing earnings and limiting future career opportunities. We find strong support for the flexibility stigma hypothesis. Controlling for the effects of age, race, education, intelligence, occupation, job tenure, work hours, health limitations, marital status, and number of children, we find that men who ever quit work or are unemployed for family reasons earn significantly less than others in the future. Theoretical reasons for observed findings are discussed.

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document


  • Scott Coltrane

  • Elizabeth C. Miller

  • Tracy Dehaan

  • Lauren Stewart

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free