Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe fear-avoidance beliefs about physical activity and explore how these beliefs correlate with sociodemographic, disease-specific, and psychosocial factors in adults with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Method: This cross-sectional study is part of the Physical Activity in Rheumatoid Arthritis (PARA) 2010 study. The study participants (n = 2351) were identified through the Swedish Rheumatology Quality (SRQ) registries from six rheumatology clinics in Sweden. Univariate and backwards stepwise logistic regressions were performed. Results: Stepwise logistic regressions showed that male gender [odds ratio (OR) 1.55, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.26-1.91] and having a below average income (OR 1.35, 95% CI 1.12-1.63) were associated with an increased risk of high scores on the modified Fear Avoidance-Belief Questionnaire (mFABQ). The two disease-specific factors most indicative of high mFABQ scores were high level of pain (OR 1.99, 95% CI 1.40-2.84) and poor health (OR 1.59, 95% CI 1.10-2.29). With regard to psychosocial factors, low health-related quality of life (HRQoL; OR 0.44, 95% CI 0.35-0.55) and a low score on the Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (ESES; OR 0.66, 95% CI 0.52-0.82) were significantly associated with a high mFABQ score. The model fit was 0.27 (Nagelkerke's R(2)). Conclusions: High fear-avoidance beliefs about physical activity in patients with RA were found to be associated with being male and having a below average income, a high level of pain, poor health, a low HRQoL, and low ESES score. Additional research is warranted for adults with RA to capture the multiple potential correlates to fear-avoidance beliefs about physical activity.
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