Does Female Reservation Affect Long-Term Political Outcomes? Evidence from Rural India

  • Deininger K
  • Jin S
  • Nagarajan H
 et al. 
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While studies have explored the impacts of political quotas for females
at household level, differential effects on males and females and their
evolution through time have received little attention. Using nationwide
data from India spanning a 15-year period, we find that, while leader
quality declines, gender quotas increase the level and quality of
women's political participation, their ability to hold leaders to
account, and their willingness to contribute to public goods. Key
effects persist beyond the reserved period and impacts on females often
materialise only with a lag.

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  • Klaus Deininger

  • Songqing Jin

  • Hari K. Nagarajan

  • Fang Xia

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