Female urinary incontinence in the west of Turkey: Prevalence, risk factors and impact on quality of life

  • I. K
  • P. O
  • M. D
 et al. 
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Abstract

Objectives: To determine the prevalence and risk factors of urinary incontinence (UI), and to assess its impact on quality of life (QOL) in Turkish women. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 1012 women aged over 18 years were interviewed through a questionnaire including 'International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form'. Results: The overall prevalence of UI was 23.9% (n = 242). Among these women, 62 (25.6%) had urge, 80 (33.1%) stress and 100 (41.3%) mixed type UI. The prevalence rate increased with advancing age. Eighty-nine women (36.8%) stated to have urinary leakage at least once a day or more, while 153 (63.2%) women were experiencing less than twice a week. UI was significantly associated with fecal incontinence, hypertension, history of nocturnal enuresis, and recurrent urinary tract infections. Overall, 211 (87.2%) women stated that UI have negative impact on the QOL. This effect remained mostly at the mild or moderate level. Although many (87.2%) had intention for medical assistance, only a few (14.9%) had realized it. Women with urge UI and aged 40 to 50 years looked for more assistance than others. Conclusions: UI affect approximately one of four Turkish women. The results emphasize the need for taking preventive measures and policy development for UI. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Turkey (republic)
  • adult
  • aged
  • article
  • disease association
  • feces incontinence
  • female
  • health behavior
  • human
  • hypertension
  • interview
  • medical care
  • mixed incontinence
  • nocturnal enuresis
  • prevalence
  • priority journal
  • quality of life
  • questionnaire
  • recurrent infection
  • risk assessment
  • risk factor
  • stress incontinence
  • urge incontinence
  • urinary tract infection
  • urine incontinence

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Authors

  • Kocak I.

  • Okyay P.

  • Dundar M.

  • Erol H.

  • Beser E.

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