Ferromagnetic resonance linewidth in ultrathin films with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy

  • Beaujour J
  • Ravelosona D
  • Tudosa I
 et al. 
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Transition metal ferromagnetic films with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) have ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) linewidths that are one order of magnitude larger than soft magnetic materials, such as pure iron (Fe) and permalloy (NiFe) thin films. A broadband FMR setup has been used to investigate the origin of the enhanced linewidth in Ni$|$Co multilayer films with PMA. The FMR linewidth depends linearly on frequency for perpendicular applied fields and increases significantly when the magnetization is rotated into the film plane. Irradiation of the film with Helium ions decreases the PMA and the distribution of PMA parameters. This leads to a great reduction of the FMR linewidth for in-plane magnetization. These results suggest that fluctuations in PMA lead to a large two magnon scattering contribution to the linewidth for in-plane magnetization and establish that the Gilbert damping is enhanced in such materials ($\alpha \approx 0.04$, compared to $\alpha \approx 0.002$ for pure Fe).

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  • J-M. Beaujour

  • D. Ravelosona

  • I. Tudosa

  • E. Fullerton

  • A. D. Kent

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