A Filarial Nematode-Secreted Product Signals Dendritic Cells to Acquire a Phenotype That Drives Development of Th2 Cells

  • Whelan M
  • Harnett M
  • Houston K
 et al. 
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Abstract

Although exogeneous "danger" signals such as LPS can activate APC to produce a Th1 response, the nature of events initiating a Th2 response is controversial. We now show that pathogen-derived products have the capacity to induce bone marrow-derived dendritic cell cultures to acquire a phenotype that promotes the differentiation of naive CD4+ T cells toward either a Th1 or Th2 phenotype. Thus, LPS-matured dendritic cells (DC1) promote a Th1 response (increased generation of IFN-gamma and reduced production of IL-4) by Ag-stimulated CD4+ T cells from the DO.11.10 transgenic mouse expressing a TCR specific for an OVA peptide (OVA323-339). In contrast, a phosphorylcholine-containing glycoprotein, ES-62, secreted by the filarial nematode, Acanthocheilonema viteae, which generates a Th2 Ab response in vivo, is found to induce the maturation of dendritic cells (DC2) with the capacity to induce Th2 responses (increased IL-4 and decreased IFN-gamma). In addition, we show that the switch to either Th1 or Th2 responses is not effected by differential regulation through CD80 or CD86 and that a Th2 response is achieved in the presence of IL-12.

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Authors

  • M. Whelan

  • M. M. Harnett

  • K. M. Houston

  • V. Patel

  • W. Harnett

  • K. P. Rigley

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