Finding the evidence to change practice for assessing pain in children who are cognitively impaired

  • Ely E
  • Chen-Lim M
  • Zarnowsky C
 et al. 
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Abstract

We report on a quality improvement project whose purpose was to systematically review behavioral pain assessment tools for children who are cognitively impaired, with the goal of identifying a valid and reliable tool for clinical practice. In addition, we sought to partner with parents and/or caregivers to expand their role in pain assessment. The project team conducted an extensive synthesis of the literature to examine the availability and quality of published pain assessment tools for use with children with cognitive impairment (CI) or developmental disability. Once completed, we identified 2 of the available 10 tools to test in the clinical setting. Data from this quality improvement project provided evidence to support the adoption of the revised Faces, Legs, Activity, Cry, and Consolability pain assessment tool for children with CI into clinical practice.

Author-supplied keywords

  • *Evidence-Based Nursing
  • *Mentally Disabled Persons
  • *Pediatric Nursing
  • Child
  • Child Behavior
  • Cognition Disorders/*nursing/physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Nursing Methodology Research
  • Pain Measurement/methods/*nursing
  • Pain/psychology
  • Parent-Child Relations
  • Professional-Family Relations
  • Quality Assurance, Health Care
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Role

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Authors

  • E Ely

  • M L Chen-Lim

  • C Zarnowsky

  • R Green

  • S Shaffer

  • B Holtzer

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