FINITE ELEMENT METHODS FOR NONLINEAR ACOUSTICS IN FLUIDS

  • WALSH T
  • TORRES M
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Abstract

In this paper, weak formulations and finite element discretizations of the governing partial differential equations of three-dimensional nonlinear acoustics in absorbing fluids are presented. The fluid equations are considered in an Eulerian framework, rather than a displacement framework, since in the latter case the corresponding finite element formulations suffer from spurious modes and numerical instabilities. When taken with the governing partial differential equations of a solid body and the continuity conditions, a coupled formulation is derived. The change in solid/fluid interface conditions when going from a linear acoustic fluid to a nonlinear acoustic fluid is demonstrated. Finite element discretizations of the coupled problem are then derived, and verification examples are presented that demonstrate the correctness of the implementations. We demonstrate that the time step size necessary to resolve the wave decreases as steepening occurs. Finally, simulation results are presented on a resonatin...

Author-supplied keywords

  • Kuznetsov equation
  • Newton method
  • finite elements
  • nonlinear acoustics
  • resonances

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Authors

  • TIMOTHY WALSH

  • MONICA TORRES

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