We studied the trophic structure in the pelagial and crustacean remains in the surface 1 cm of the sediment of 13 shallow, high arctic lakes in northeast Greenland (74 N). Seven lakes were fishless, while the remaining six hosted a dwarf form of Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus). In fishless lakes, Daphnia pulex was abundant, while no daphnids were found in the pelagial of lakes with fish. In fish lakes, the zooplankton community was dominated numerically by cyclopoid copepods and rotifers. Both lake sampling and analysis of remains in the top 1 cm of the sediment indicated that the phyllopod, Lepidurus arcticus, occurred in all fishless lakes, but was either absent or present in low densities fromlakes with fish. Adult Lepidurus aremainly predators and forage in the top layer of the sediment. An analysis of surface sediment revealed low abundance of the benthic chydorids Alona sp. and Macrothrix sp. in lakes with Lepidurus, while they were abundant in lakes with fish. The low abundance in fishless lakes could not be explained by damage of crustacean remains caused by Lepidurus feeding in the sediment, because remains of the more soft-shelled, pelagic-living Daphnia were abundant in the sediment of these lakes. No significant differences between lakes with and without fish were found in chlorophyll a, total phosphorus, total nitrogen, conductivity or temperature, suggesting that the observed link between Lepidurus arcticus and the benthic crustacean community is causal. Consequently, remains of crustaceans in high arctic lake sediments may be useful for detecting the impact of past climate change on top-down control by fish. Not only remains of pelagic species, but also of Lepidurus and some benthic chydorids, may be used to detect changes in fish abundance and predation pressure in the past.
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