Flexible employment practices in Europe: Country versus culture

  • Raghuram S
  • London M
  • Larsen H
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This paper examines extent to which variances in  exible employment practices across fourteen European countries may be attributed to cultural variances. Data were gathered through a survey of human resource practices in 4,876 companies. The results indicate that national differences between  exible employment practices were explained by cultural differences. Speci cally, we  nd use of part-time work is related to power distance and individualism; contract work is related to uncertainty avoidance and individualism; shift work is related to uncertainty avoidance, power distance and individualism; and telework is related to femininity.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Country culture
  • European HRM
  • Flexible employment
  • Hofstede

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