Skip to content
Journal article

Forensic age estimation in human skeletal remains: Current concepts and future directions

Franklin D...(+1 more)

Legal Medicine, vol. 12 (2009) pp. 1-7

  • 2


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • N/A


    Citations of this article.
  • N/A


    ScienceDirect users who have downloaded this article.
Sign in to save reference


a b s t r a c t Skeletal identification has a long tradition in both physical and forensic anthropology. The process gen-erally begins with formulation of a biological profile (osteobiography); specifically, estimation of sex, age, ethnicity and stature. The present paper briefly reviews a selection of the principal methods used for one aspect of the identification process; the estimation of personal age. It is well-documented that variability in the morphological features used to assess age in the human skeleton progressively increases from birth to old age. Thus choice of method is inherently related to whether unidentified remains are those of a juvenile or an adult. This review, therefore, considers methods appropriate for age estimation in both juvenile and adult remains; the former being primarily based on developmental, and the latter degener-ative, morphological features. Such a review is timely as new methods are constantly being developed, concurrent with refinements to those already well established in mainstream anthropology.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Age estimation
  • Forensic anthropology
  • Forensics
  • Identification
  • Osteobiography
  • Skeletal degeneration
  • Skeletal growth

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below