• Ryan E
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Forensic Counseling, as defined by Dr. E. Scott Ryan, can be understood as counseling of offenders, both juvenile and adult, in a manner that does not repeat past treatment and education failures. Dr. Ryan describes the medical model treatment mistake of relying upon mental health professionals to treat crime and delinquency as if there were an illness they could cure. These therapeutic rehabilitative approaches have failed for the simple reason that an offender in trouble is not necessarily a troubled offender. Accordingly, a criminological or delinquent pathology, as observed in a criminal or delinquent ego, cannot be equated with a psychological or psychiatric pathology. In addition to the failures of specific medical model approaches, the in appropriateness of general moral education approaches is also addressed. Rather than purporting to teach secular or religious morality in a pluralistic society, with the concordant pitfalls of moral dissensus and conflict, forensic counseling concentrates on the specific criminal rationality dynamics associated with criminal behavior. Forensic counselors can be trained to encounter criminal rationalities and rationalizations in a direct but not denigrating manner, so as to counter them before they become worse and to reverse them with continued forensic counseling and treatment approaches. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Author-supplied keywords

  • APPLIED psychology
  • DEVIANT behavior
  • MENTAL health
  • MORAL education
  • RYAN, E. Scott

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