Fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy for acoustic neuromas: Long-term outcomes

  • Woolf D
  • Williams M
  • Goh C
 et al. 
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Abstract

Aims: Acoustic neuromas are rare, benign intracranial tumours. There are a variety of treatment options, with no clear optimal management strategy and wide variation in treated outcomes. We report the outcomes from a 15 year cohort of patients treated at our centre using fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (52.5Gy in 25 fractions). Materials and methods: We analysed a retrospective case series. Patients were identified from patient records and a retrospective review of case notes and imaging reports was undertaken. We assessed tumour response using RECIST criteria and recorded toxicity. Progression-free survival was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. The study was conducted according to the STROBE guidelines. Results: In total, 93 patients were identified; 83 patients had follow-up data, with a median follow-up period of 5.7 years. The overall control rate using RECIST criteria was 92%. Data on complications were available for 90 patients, with six (7%) experiencing a reduction in hearing, one (1%) developing trigeminal nerve dysfunction and one (1%) a deterioration in facial nerve function. Other toxicities included four (4%) patients who developed hydrocephalus, requiring the placement of a shunt and one (1%) patient who developed radiation brainstem necrosis. After further evaluation this patient was deemed to have been treated within acceptable dose constraints. Conclusion: These data suggest that a good control rate of acoustic neuromas is achievable using fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy to a dose of 52.5Gy in 25 fractions. Toxicity is considered acceptable but the episode of radiation brainstem necrosis remains of concern and is the subject of further work. © 2013 The Royal College of Radiologists.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Acoustic neuroma
  • Outcomes
  • Radio-necrosis
  • Stereotactic radiotherapy
  • Vestibular Schwannoma

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