A framework for improving the quality of cancer care: the case of breast and cervical cancer screening

  • Zapka J
  • Taplin S
  • Solberg L
 et al. 
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Abstract

This commentary presents a conceptual framework, Quality in the Continuum of Cancer Care (QCCC), for quality improvement studies and research. Data sources include review of relevant literature (cancer care, quality improvement, organizational behavior, health services evaluation, and research). The Detecting Early Tumors Enables Cancer Therapy (DETECT) project is used to apply the QCCC model to evaluate the quality of secondary prevention. Cancer care includes risk assessment, primary prevention, screening, detection, diagnosis, treatment, recurrence surveillance, and end-of-life care. The QCCC model represents a systematic approach for assessing factors that influence types of cancer care and the transitions between them, the factors at several levels (community, plan and practice setting) that potentially impact access and quality, and the strategies groups and organizations can consider to reduce potential failures. Focusing on the steps and transitions in care where failures can occur can facilitate more organized systems and medical practices that improve care, establish meaningful measures of quality that promote improved outcomes, and enhance interdisciplinary research. [References: 111]

Author-supplied keywords

  • *Breast Neoplasms/di [Diagnosis]
  • *Delivery of Health Care/og [Organization & Admini
  • *Mass Screening
  • *Quality Assurance, Health Care/og [Organization &
  • *Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/di [Diagnosis]
  • Algorithms
  • Breast Neoplasms/pc [Prevention & Control]
  • Breast Neoplasms/th [Therapy]
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Organizational Objectives
  • Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care)
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • United States
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pc [Prevention & Contro
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/th [Therapy]

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Authors

  • J G Zapka

  • S H Taplin

  • L I Solberg

  • M M Manos

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