Frequency of selecting noise variables in subset regression analysis: A simulation study

  • Flack V
  • Chang P
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Abstract

This article presents the results of a simulation study of variable selection in a multiple regression context that evaluates the frequency of selecting noise variables and the bias of the adjusted R2 of the selected variables when some of the candidate variables are authentic. It is demonstrated that for most samples a large percentage of the selected variables is noise, particularly when the number of candidate variables is large relative to the number of observations. The adjusted R2 of the selected variables is highly inflated.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Exploratory regression analysis
  • Variable selection

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Authors

  • Virginia F. Flack

  • Potter C. Chang

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