Frequent Cross-Species Transmission of Parvoviruses among Diverse Carnivore Hosts

  • Allison A
  • Kohler D
  • Fox K
 et al. 
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Abstract

Although parvoviruses are commonly described in domestic carnivores, little is known about their biodiversity in nondomestic species. A phylogenetic analysis of VP2 gene sequences from puma, coyote, gray wolf, bobcat, raccoon, and striped skunk revealed two major groups related to either feline panleukopenia virus ("FPV-like") or canine parvovirus ("CPV-like"). Cross-species transmission was commonplace, with multiple introductions into each host species but, with the exception of raccoons, relatively little evidence for onward transmission in nondomestic species.

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Authors

  • A. B. Allison

  • D. J. Kohler

  • K. A. Fox

  • J. D. Brown

  • R. W. Gerhold

  • V. I. Shearn-Bochsler

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