Functional and molecular identification of ERG channels in murine portal vein myocytes.

  • Ohya S
  • Horowitz B
  • Greenwood I
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Abstract

Ion channels encoded by ether-à-go-go-related genes (ERG) have been implicated in repolarization of the cardiac action potential and also as components of the resting membrane conductance in various cells. The aim of the present study was to determine whether ERG channels were expressed in smooth muscle cells isolated from portal vein. RT-PCR demonstrated the expression of murine ERG (mERG), and real-time quantitative PCR showed that the mERG1b isoform predominated over the mERG1a, mERG2, and mERG3 in portal vein. Single myocytes from portal vein displayed membrane staining with an ERG1-specific antibody. Whole cell voltage-clamp experiments were performed to determine whether portal vein myocytes expressed functional ERG channels. Large inward currents with distinctive kinetics were elicited that were inhibited rapidly by E-4031 (mean amplitude of the E-4031-sensitive current at -120 mV was -205 +/- 24 pA; n = 14). Deactivation of the E-4031-sensitive current was voltage dependent (mean time constants at -80 and -120 mV were 103 +/- 9 and 33 +/- 2 ms, respectively; n = 13). Because of the rapid kinetics of mERG currents at more negative potentials, there was a substantial noninactivating "window" current that reached a maximum of -66 +/- 10 pA at -70 mV. Complete portal veins exhibited spontaneous contractile activity in isometric tension experiments, and this activity was modified significantly by E-4031. These data show that ERG channels are expressed in murine portal vein myocytes that may contribute to the resting membrane conductance.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Action Potentials
  • Action Potentials: physiology
  • Animals
  • Cation Transport Proteins
  • Cell Separation
  • Ether-A-Go-Go Potassium Channels
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Inbred BALB C
  • Membrane Potentials
  • Membrane Potentials: physiology
  • Membrane Transport Proteins
  • Mice
  • Muscle
  • Patch-Clamp Techniques
  • Portal Vein
  • Portal Vein: cytology
  • Portal Vein: metabolism
  • Potassium Channels
  • Potassium Channels: biosynthesis
  • Potassium Channels: genetics
  • Protein Isoforms
  • Protein Isoforms: biosynthesis
  • Protein Isoforms: genetics
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Smooth
  • Vascular
  • Vascular: cytology
  • Vascular: metabolism
  • Vasoconstriction
  • Vasoconstriction: physiology
  • Voltage-Gated

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Authors

  • Susumu Ohya

  • Burton Horowitz

  • Iain a Greenwood

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