Functional residual capacity in anesthetized children: Normal values and values in children with cardiac anomalies

  • Thorsteinsson A
  • Jonmarker C
  • Larsson A
 et al. 
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Abstract

To assess the increase in functional residual capacity (FRC) with growth, FRC was measured after induction of anesthesia in two groups of children. One group consisted of 74 children, 0.1-11.2 yr of age, without signs of cardiorespiratory disease (referred to here as "normal" children), and the other of 21 children, 0.2-6.9 yr of age, with cardiac malformations. Anesthesia was maintained with halothane in the normal children and with fentanyl, droperidol, and nitrous oxide in the children with cardiac anomalies. All patients were paralyzed, their tracheas intubated, and their lungs mechanically ventilated. FRC was measured with an automated tracer gas washout technique. In 70 patients the measurements were performed in duplicate with a mean coefficient of variation of 2.0%. FRC correlated significantly with height, weight, and age in both groups. Multiple regression analysis for both groups considered together indicated no significant improvement when factors for the sex of the child or for the presence of cardiac anomalies were incorporated into the model. In normal children the simple linear and nonlinear regression equations for FRC (in milliliters) versus height (in centimeters) were: FRC = -529 + 9.48 x height, r = 0.96; and FRC = 0.00175 x height2.66, r = 0.97, respectively. The corresponding equations for FRC (in milliliters) versus weight (in kilograms) were: FRC = -92 + 29.9 x weight, r = 0.93; and FRC = 9.51 x weight1.31, r = 0.95.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Author-supplied keywords

  • anesthesia, pediatric
  • congenital heart disease
  • functional residual capacity
  • heart
  • lung

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Authors

  • A. Thorsteinsson

  • C. Jonmarker

  • A. Larsson

  • C. Vilstrup

  • O. Werner

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