Functional response of Telenomus busseolae (Hym.: Scelionidae) an egg parasitoid of the sugarcane stem borer, Sesamia nonagrioides (Lep.: Noctuidae) at different temperatures

  • Jamshidnia A
  • Kharazi-Pakdel A
  • Allahyari H
 et al. 
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Telenomus busseolae Gahan is the most important egg parasitoid of sugarcane stem borers in Iran. Laboratory experiments were conducted to evaluate the functional response of T. busseolae to egg densities of Sesamia nonagrioides (Lefebvre) under four different temperatures (20, 25, 30 and 35°C). Results of logistic regression revealed a type III functional response for all temperatures tested and type of functional response was not affected by temperature. Roger's random parasite equation was fitted to observed data at 35°C. In the other data sets (collected data under 20, 25 and 30 °C) Roger's equation could not provide meaningful parameters, therefore Holling's disk equation was used to fit the data. The attack rate for T. busseolae varying from 0.001784 to 0.10704, 0.0026 to 0.152, 0.0024 to 0.144 and 0.000866 to 0.05196 per h and estimated handling times were 0.59, 0.50, 0.53 and 0.29 h at 20, 25, 30 and 35°C, respectively. Based on asymptotic 95% confidence intervals, functional response para...

Author-supplied keywords

  • Sesamia nonagrioides
  • Telenomus busseolae
  • functional response
  • sugarcane
  • temperature

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  • A. Jamshidnia

  • A. Kharazi-Pakdel

  • H. Allahyari

  • E. Soleymannejadian

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