Gas-driven hydrogen isotopes permeation through different carbon materials

  • Spitsyn A
  • Golubeva A
  • Mayer M
 et al. 
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Abstract

Hydrogen gas driven permeation through the fine-grain graphites MPG-8 and R5710, and through CFC NB31 in two main directions has been investigated for sample thicknesses of 1-7 mm and pressures from 10-2-10 Pa. The gas driven permeation occurs through the carbon-base materials by the hydrogen molecular gas flow through the internal porosity network rather than hydrogen atom diffusion through the graphite lattice. The permeabilities of MPG-8 and Nb31 are of the same order, while the permeability of R5710 is two orders of magnitude less. The specific bulk conductivity is about 5 ?? 1015 molecules s-1 m-1 Pa-1 for MPG-8; 8 ?? 1013 molecules s-1 m-1 Pa-1 for R5710; 1 ?? 1016 molecules s-1 m-1 Pa-1 for Nb31 along ex-pitch (x) fibers after taking into account the perforated surface layer and 0.8 ?? 1016 molecules s-1 m-1 Pa-1 for Nb31 along needled (z) fibers. ?? 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Authors

  • Matej MayerMax-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik

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  • A. V. Spitsyn

  • A. V. Golubeva

  • A. A. Skovoroda

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